England lagging behind when it comes to teaching English
— New research claims curriculum too rigid —
England’s education curriculum for teaching English lags behind Australia’s curriculum, new research from Curtin University, Australia has found.
The research by Dr Paul Gardner from Curtin University’s School of Education, and published in UK based international journal, English in Education, compares the education curricula in England and Australia and has uncovered a significant difference in the way students are being taught English in the two countries.
Dr Gardner, a former UK academic, now living in Australia, found that the England curriculum (which covers England and Wales) was more rigid in what and how teachers were able to teach English, while the Australian curriculum provided greater creativity and flexibility.
Looking at the style of language used in curricula that sets down what teachers should be teaching and what students should be learning, the research found that sixty-eight per cent of the England curriculum emphasised a more didactic, or teacher directed approach to teaching, rather than interactive learning.
Dr Gardner said that approach offered pupils a less-than-appetising diet of phonics, spelling and prescriptive grammar.
“What the research shows is the England-based approach focuses very heavily on language at word level and did not encourage pupils’ exploration of meaning at the level of texts,” Dr Gardner said.
The research found the Australian curriculum was better at combining the basics of English learning with a broader socio-linguistic view of the language, and this helped encourage students to reflect on, and respond to, a wide range of literature.
Dr Gardner said the Australian curriculum also allows teachers to teach more creatively, and students to learn more creatively, as well as being more culturally and internationally aware.
“Unlike England, Australian teachers are encouraged by curriculum guidelines to use a variety of methods to teach English and this includes the use of Indigenous oral story-telling and the chance to incorporate literature from around the globe,” Dr Gardner said.
The research also shows that the Australian curriculum encourages students’ engagement with multimodal texts in which images and words, as well as audio, combine to communicate meaning.
Dr Gardner said the research raised concerns over whether the more formal teaching approach in England is failing to prepare children for literacy needs in the 21st Century.
“Whilst phonics, spelling and grammar are important you cannot base your whole curriculum on the basics,” Dr Gardner said.
“The knowledge economy of the 21st Century requires pupils to be able to read and create multimodal texts, and democracy requires citizens who can think both creatively and critically. The primary curriculum of England does none of these things.”
About Curtin University
Curtin University is Western Australia’s largest university, with more than 58,000 students. Of these, over 15,000 are international students. The University’s main campus is in Bentley near the Perth CBD. Curtin has five other campuses across WA, Malaysia and Singapore, with a new campus opening in Dubai in 2018. Curtin also has presence at a number of other global locations.
Curtin is celebrating ‘50 Years of Innovation’ in 2017 – the combined history of the Western Australian Institute of Technology (WAIT), which opened its doors to students in 1967 and Curtin University, which opened in 1987.
Today, Curtin is estimated to be ranked 211th and in the top two per cent of universities worldwide, and 10th in Australia in the highly regarded Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 (ARWU), and features highly in a number of other key world rankings.
The University has built a reputation around innovation and an entrepreneurial spirit, being at the forefront of many high-profile research projects in astronomy, biosciences, economics, mining and information technology. It is also recognised globally for its strong connections with industry, and for its commitment to preparing students for jobs of the future.
The full research paper, Worlds Apart: a comparative analysis of discourses of English in the curricula of England and Australia can be found online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eie.12138/full
For further information visit curtin.edu.au.
Carole Kerr, Media Consultant, Curtin University
Tel: +61 8 9266 3353 Mobile: +61 401 103 683 Web: http://news.curtin.edu.au/media-centre/
Hailey Ross, Media Relations Manager, Curtin University
Tel: + 61 8 9266 3357 Mobile: + 61 478 310 708 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Worlds Apart article a comparative analysis of discourses of English in the curricula of England and Australia