What would an excellent careers service look like?
The Gatsby Foundation has published a report which aims to identify what an excellent careers service in English schools would look like.
The research evidence base for this area has limitations but ,according to the authors of the report, is useful. As they explain in the report ,and below, their work has a similar research status to Ofsted reports giving an overview of important and relevant education issues.
“There is a considerable amount of research on career guidance, but much of it is dependent on studies from the USA and on work from the 20th century. The published evidence base provides some useful pointers; in this project we supplemented this with an in-depth look at places of repute where there is evidence that good practice exists. From these studies, we made professional judgements about the elements of career guidance that make up good practice. Thus, the methodology of our report is more like that of the inspectorate Ofsted, with professional judgements based on fieldwork, rather than a set of quantitative measures of impact. We believe that this holistic approach is appropriate because one of our key findings is that there is no single magic bullet in career guidance.”
The press release is below and the full report is at www.gatsby.org.uk/GoodCareerGuidance
TUESDAY 29 APRIL 2014
CAREER GUIDANCE FAILING PUPILS AND DAMAGING THE ECONOMY, WARNS NEW REPORT
The Gatsby Foundation sets out how schools, government, and employers can fix the country’s broken career guidance system
A new report published today by the Gatsby Foundation has called for comprehensive reform to stop school career guidance failing generation after generation of young people.It is the first ever major study to set out how to fix the career guidance system in England.The report, conducted by Sir John Holman, Emeritus Professor at the University of York and former headteacher, explains how government, schools, and employers can work together to build a new model of career guidance, placing it at the heart of school life.
On the launch of the report Sir John, said “Career guidance has failed young people for generations, with successive governments reorganising the system but failing to take the right actions to improve it. Pupils continue to be kept in the dark about the employment impact of the courses they choose.
“The whole country pays a heavy price for this failure. It creates a skills shortage, which harms the economy and deprives the country of a workforce fit for the 21st century. With employers reporting difficulties in filling vacancies at a time when high levels of youth unemployment persist, the need to take drastic action to improve career guidance is more pressing than ever.”
Gatsby investigated best practice in career guidance across the globe, to learn from other countries – including Germany, Canada, and Finland – that have performed much better than the UK in helping young people into rewarding work.
By observing how countries with the most effective career guidance systems operate, the report sets eight benchmarks to define how English schools should help young people make the right choices.
Gatsby is calling for Ofsted to evaluate school performance using these benchmarks and include their findings in annual school league tables.
Gatsby also commissioned PricewaterhouseCoopers to assess the costs and benefits of implementing the benchmarks. They estimated the cost would be less than 1% of schools’ budgets – but for every pupil that is prevented from becoming NEET, the avoided costs to the nation’s finances would be enough to provide career guidance to the benchmark level for 280 pupils.
The report also sets out a series of bold measures to embed best practice in schools. Additional recommendations featured within the report include:
Greater accountability for schools:Schools to publish where their pupils are studying or the careers they are following three years after leaving.
More employer involvement:Pupils should have frequent encounters with employers and employees in addition to work experience.
Government to lead systemic change:Every secondary school required to publish a Careers PlanIndependence for the National Careers Service
The founder of the Gatsby Foundation, Lord Sainsbury of Turville said in his Foreword to the report said:“If our recommendations are followed, I am convinced that collaborative action by key players can, for the first time in a generation, address current deficiencies and deliver a world-class career guidance system that is both effective and efficient.”
To view the report visit www.gatsby.org.uk/GoodCareerGuidance